Canadian Immigration Programs

Canada has become the second home for many migrants. Such effortlessly Canada gets a flock of migrants from all over the world. We find Canada at its best in every nature, with diverse culture, supreme education, and economic prosperity.

For those looking to migrate to Canada, there are more than 60 immigration programs available. Although there is a great need for skilled workers in Canada, the government maintains tight guidelines for accepting applications for its immigration programs. Every program has its eligibility criteria and applicants need to meet the requirements to get into it.

Express Entry is the fastest program in Canada to migrate. It is one of the main ways through which Canada provides permanent residence for skilled workers. Candidates are expected to submit their online Express Entry profile. Once the federal government determines the candidate is eligible, then they will be invited to apply. Candidates who meet the requirements are invited to the Express Entry pool and ranked using the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS).

The following are the three main categories of the Express Entry Program

Federal Skilled Trades Program

FSTP is an immigration program managed under Express Entry that gives a window of opportunity for foreign workers with work experience to migrate to Canada and get permanent residence. FSTP offers skilled employees from all backgrounds to submit their profiles and be considered for PR.

Requirements for Federal Skilled Trades Program

To get into the process of FSTP, you must need certain eligibility:

  • Candidates must have 2 years of skilled work experience within 5 years before applying. And that work experience must be in trades that are classified under National Occupational Classification.
  • A full-time employment offer, if not a Certificate of Qualification from that skilled trade issued by a provincial or territorial authority is needed.
  • Obtain a minimum score of Canadian Language benchmark level 5 for speaking and listening and level 4 for reading and writing on any approved English or French language test.

Skilled Work Experience Requirements

Skilled Trades are categorized under National Occupational Classification (NOC) which sets a four-digit code for every occupation. Each NOC code has a lead statement, a list of primary responsibilities, and a job title that goes along with it. Consequently, your work history may be classified under a few NOC codes, and your job title may be listed under a NOC code.

  • Major Group 73: maintenance and equipment operation trades,
  • Major Group 72: industrial, electrical, and construction trades,
  • Minor Group 632: chefs and cooks
  • Major Group 92: processing, manufacturing, and utility supervisors and central control operators,
  • Minor Group 633: butchers and bakers.
  • Major Group 82: supervisors and technical jobs in natural resources, agriculture, and related production

FSTP Process

  • After meeting all these requirements candidates can successfully submit their Express Entry profile to Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).
  • Once candidates receive a CRS score, they are considered for the next Invitations to Apply (ITAs) for permanent residence after submitting an Express Entry profile.
  • Usually, The IRCC conducts Express Entry draws every two weeks and invites those applicants who received the highest CRS scores to submit a permanent residence application. Within six months, IRCC will attempt to complete your application.
  • Educational certificates are not required for the Federal Skilled Trades Program, but you can earn extra CRS points for a degree or diploma certificate obtained from a Canadian secondary (high school), or
  • an Education Credential Assessment (ECA) report from an authorized organization that your education is equivalent to a secondary (high school) or post-secondary Canadian degree.

Candidates for the FSTP must intend to reside outside of Quebec. Quebec has its own provincial nomination.

Canada Experience Class (CEC)

A candidate who already has a job offer in Canada can apply through this program. A CEC application can be processed in as little as three to four months, making it one of the quickest paths to Canadian permanent residency.

Be Eligible for CEC

  • 12 months of skilled work experience in Canada within 3 years from the date of applying. This experience must have been acquired while on a valid work visa and can be in one or more NOC skill types 0, A, or B occupations. If the positions are competitive and the work experience was obtained legally, the one year of experience can be obtained under two separate NOC codes.
  • Candidates must meet the Canadian language benchmark level 7 for NOC skills 0 and B and CLB level 5 for NOC skill type A. Must have taken an approved Language test like CELPIP, IELTS, TEF, TCF.
  • No Education requirement is needed. But candidates can improve their profile ranking by submitting degree certificates and Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) reports if the candidate has done a foreign education.
  • Processing time: 6 months
  • Applicants can remain in Canada even if their other permits expire.
  • Be eligible for CEC as both an international student and temporary foreign worker.

Federal Skilled Workers Program (FSWP)

Canada’s top immigration program, the Federal Skilled Worker Program, enables foreign skilled workers to immigrate to Canada and get permanent residency. This visa, which is valid for five years and allows for multiple entries, enables foreign workers to work and live in Canada.

Requirements for FSWP

  • You must have at least one year of continuous full-time work experience—or the equivalent in continuous part-time work—in a skilled occupation that is listed in Skill Type 0, or Skill Level A or B of Canada’s National Occupational Classification.
  • You must clear the Language Ability test and the Canadian Language Benchmark score should be 7.
  • Obtaining an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) for immigration reasons is one of the requirements if you plan to move to Canada under the FSWP and received your academic credentials outside of Canada.

Meeting all these requirements, your profile will be assessed based on the selection factors and the points grid.

For more information about Canadian immigration programs, Job Assitance, and PR visa process, contact CanApprove. And for more Canadian Immigration related news and blogs visit our CanApprove page.

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