Types of Combine Harvesters

A combine is a machine that combines different crops into one product. Combines are used to harvest grain, legumes, and grasses. They can be found on farms worldwide and can vary in size depending on the type of operation and its purpose. 

You may have heard about the different combine types but need help understanding what makes them unique! In this post, we’re going to explore three types of combines: axial flow combines, rotary combines, and a combination of both types. We’ll also explain how they work together to create an awesome result!

[Source: Freepik]

Axial flow combines

Axial-flow combines are the most common type of combine harvester. They have a single set of rotating threshing and separating cylinders, which cut the crop and remove grain from the plant into a bin. The cylinder rotation is angled slightly downward so that as it rotates around its central axis, it sweeps material toward its edge. Material enters through vertical inlets at one end and exits through an outlet on top.

Axial flow combines are more efficient than other types of combines because they can harvest crops faster and with less damage to the plants’ stalks or leaves as they pass through them. This is due largely to their cylindrical shape, which allows for minimal auger friction when moving through tall crops like hay or corn stalks (compared with other types). 

Axial flow combines also have fewer moving parts than conventional grain carts. This means that maintenance costs are lower over time—and generally produce higher quality grains because they’re able to separate whole kernels from the chaff more efficiently than other designs do.

Types of axial flow combines

You may be wondering, “What’s the difference between an axial flow combine and other types of combines? How do they work?”

An axial flow combine is designed to cut grain using a cylindrical rotor that rotates around an axis at high speeds. This rotor has many vertical discs, like fingers on your hand, which slice through the crop as they move past. 

These fingers are called knives, and each one has a sharp edge that cuts off grains of various sizes depending on where it’s located within the cylinder. The grain is then collected in a feeding tube down below while other unharvested materials are discharged out through an opening in front of the machine’s cab.

Axial flow combines tend to be more efficient than other models because their design separates harvested materials from unharvested ones at each stage of operation (this prevents mixing). They also have fewer moving parts than other types, which makes them durable when used outdoors during severe weather conditions such as rain or snowfall.

Types of rotary combine harvesters

The type of combine harvester you’re using will depend on the crop, your needs, and what you’re harvesting. Some combine harvesters have a loader that can be used to pick up or drop off crops before they go into the machine. Others use a rotating drum at the end of the combine to do this work instead.

Rotary disk harvesters are designed for large farms with large fields and multiple tractors to drive them. They use discs mounted on wheels that pull down tall stalks of grain as they rotate around in circles after being pulled across an entire field by a tractor. 

Once harvested, these machines dump their loads into trucks sitting next to them so workers can haul them away from the farm and store them in silos until ready for processing into food products like flour or oilseeds (such as soybean). Some models have merged conventional and rotary technology, like the Massey Ferguson combine harvester.


There are many different types of combine harvesters. The type that is best depends on your farm and what kind of crops you want to harvest. Consider buying a used model if you’re on a budget, but don’t be afraid to invest in something new when it comes down to it!

Author bio

Travis Dillard is a business consultant and an organizational psychologist based in Arlington, Texas. Passionate about marketing, social networks, and business in general. In his spare time, he writes a lot about new business strategies and digital marketing for DigitalStrategyOne.

Latest Posts

Recent Post

Top Categories